Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 2nd International Conference on Physics Brussels, Belgium.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Vasily Yu Belashov

Kazan Federal University, Russia

Keynote: Multidimensional solitons in dispersive complex media: structure and stability

Time : 09:30-10:05

OMICS International Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Vasily Yu Belashov photo
Biography:

Vasily Yu Belashov has completed his PhD in Radiophysics and Doctor of Science in Physics and Mathematics. His main fi elds includes: theory and numerical simulation of the dynamics of multi dimensional nonlinear waves, solitons and vortex structures in plasmas and other dispersive media. Presently, he is Professor in the Kazan Federal University. He was Coordinator of studies on the International Program Solar Terminator (1987-1992), and took part in Programs WITS/WAGS and STEP. He is author of 288 publications and books: “Solitary Waves in Dispersive Complex Media: Theory, Simulation, Applications”, Springer-Verlag GmbH, 2005; “The KP Equation and its Generalizations. Theory and Applications”, Magadan, NEISRI FEB RAS, 1997.

Abstract:

This paper is devoted to one of the most interesting and rapidly developing areas of modern nonlinear physics and mathematics; the analytical and advanced numerical study of the structure and stability of two- and three-dimensional solitons in dispersive complex media described by the Belashov-Karpman (BK) system which includes the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and derivative nonlinear Schrodinger classes of equations and takes into account the generalizations relevant to various complex physical media, associated with the effects of high-order dispersion corrections, influence of dissipation and instabilities. This is consistent representation of the both early known and new original results obtained by author and also some generalizations in theory and numerical simulation of the nonlinear waves and solitons in complex dispersive media. The analysis of stability of solutions is based on study of transformational properties of the Hamiltonian of the system. The structure of possible multidimensional solutions is investigated using the methods of qualitative analysis of proper dynamical systems and analysis of the solutions’ asymptotics. Soliton interaction is studied numerically using especially developed numerical methods.

Keynote Forum

Georgi Shpenkov

University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Keynote: Dynamic properties of particles

Time : 10:05:10:45

OMICS International Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Georgi Shpenkov photo
Biography:

Georgi Shpenkov has completed his PhD in 1968 from Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute of RAS (Leningrad) and Dr.Sc degree in 1991 (Tomsk, RAS). He is currently a Retired Professor, and Honorary Member of the Russian Physical Society. He has published 9 books and more than 100 papers on different issues.

Abstract:

Considering a particle as a pulsating spherical object, and taking into account conditions on the boundary of its spherical shell, we have obtained the equation of exchange (interaction) with the surrounding field,

and solved it. In result we have found unknown earlier fundamental parameters characterizing behavior of the particles, as e.g. the fundamental frequency

                                                                             

inherent in the atomic and subatomic levels of the Universe, where

is the exchange charge of the electron, me is its assotiated mass. The fundamental frequency e is responsible for the exchange (interaction) of atoms and molecules at the atomic and subatomic levels, defines energy and the length of interatomic bindings, etc.

 

  • Plenary Talk
Location: Consulate

Session Introduction

Takumi Chikada

Shizuoka University, Japan

Title: Tritium permeation mechanism in fusion reactor fuel systems

Time : 11:00-11:35

Speaker
Biography:

Takumi Chikada has completed his PhD in Engineering from The University of Tokyo, Japan in 2011, and soon started working as an Assistant Professor. He has been working at Shizuoka University as a Lecturer since 2014. His expertise is fusion reactor engineering, especially hydrogen isotope migration in materials. He has published more than 40 papers in reputed journals.

Abstract:

One of the critical issues in the fusion reactor fuel system is tritium permeation through structural materials. Tritium permeates fast through metal walls at elevated temperature, resulting in a crucial fuel loss and radiological hazard for the environment. Moreover, hydrogen dissolves in most metals with forming metal hydrides, leading to a degradation of mechanical properties of metal structural materials, as it is called hydrogen embrittlement. A promising solution to reduce tritium permeation to an acceptable level is to coat a thin film as a tritium permeation barrier (TPB). TPBs have been studied using ceramic coatings over several decades in the fusion reactor engineering research field. However, no appropriate coating materials or fabrication methods for practical applications have been determined. Our efforts have been dedicated to investigating hydrogen isotope permeation behaviors in TPBs using mainly metal oxide coatings for a decade. The hydrogen isotope permeation mechanism was elucidated, leading to the world's highest permeation reduction factor at elevated temperatures. The development of coating process toward plant-scale fabrication has also progressed using liquid phase methods. A multilayer structure has been recently investigated to make TPBs which have multiple functions: adhesion to structural materials in a wide operational temperature range, compatibility with corrosive materials, etc. Irradiation effects on tritium permeation in TPBs have been also studied using heavy-ions and a γ-ray source. In this presentation, achievements and current challenges for the research and development of TPBs are introduced.

  • Classical Physics | Applied Physics | Plasma Physics
Speaker

Chair

Vasily Yu Belashov

Kazan Federal University, Russia

Speaker

Co-Chair

Alvaro Q Valenzuela

University of Chile, Chile

Session Introduction

Michael Jefferson Lawrence

Maldwyn Centre for Theoretical Physics, UK

Title: A hypothetical pre-fermion particle theory of everything
Speaker
Biography:

Mike Lawrence completed his Physics degree at Bristol University and established Maldwyn Centre for Theoretical Physics in 1991 in Wales. He has published more than 11 papers in different Physics journals and  produces a quarterly journal on progress at the centre.

Abstract:

A hypothetical pre-fermion particle theory of everything explaining the symmetric foundations of physics and why relativistic and quantum systems are different. Based on a single particle/anti-particle foundation and the background from which they emerge, the zoo of fermions, bosons, nucleons, photons and the observed universe are explained. The only two types of energy existing are treated identically and produce standard formulae, except where the missing component in current formulae is shown to be necessary to explain stable orbits. Matter and anti-matter are shown to be present in equal quantities and dark matter is shown as the same composite loop form as matter, but with immiscible symmetries due to different number of particle/anti-particle pairs in the composites. The emergence of the particle/anti-particles from merged to unmerged state is shown to lead to randomly distributed failed big bang events within our single universe through which our successful big bang is expanding. Viscosity in the background universe, comprising merged particle/anti-particle pairs, saps energy from all composite particles and produces the light speed terminal velocity of photons. The resultant viscosity red-shift needs to be accommodated within current estimates of the size, age and expansion rate of the universe. The viscosity of the background in sapping energy from all motion within it leads to an arrow of time, the second law of thermodynamics and the relativistic framework. Where the background is absent, in tunnels between entangled loops, there is no viscosity present and velocities above light speed are possible and the quantum framework exists.

Speaker
Biography:

Hans Deyssenroth studied Electrical Engineering at the TH Karlsruhe and Physics at the University of Basel. He worked as a Biometrician and led an IT department in the pharmaceutical industry. After retirement, he became actively engaged in challenging the validity of the Theories of Relativity.

Abstract:

In physics, mathematical models verify observed phenomena with high accuracy but do not explain the underlying principles. Furthermore, are these mathematical models physically sound? Is it reasonable that mass can increase just by a transformation of coordinates? How can a particle behave like a wave? Remember, the mathematically correct epicycle model also led to incorrect conclusions in Physics in ancient times. Now is the time to study physical mechanisms e.g. in the Yokto range (10-24 m), which have the potential to explain observations in the quantum world, rather than continuously extending mathematical models. Unfortunately, current theories are taken for granted and scientists are too averse to challenge accepted norms. Disproving the Theories of Relativity offers an opportunity to address this impasse and could motivate scientists to open their mind to other ideas.  In this talk I propose an experiment, which could substantiate that the expected symmetry of observations for the Relativistic Doppler effect does not exist because the effect can also be interpreted as a geometric mean of classical Doppler effects. In this case the principle of relativity would not be valid, which demonstrates that the mathematical basis of the Theories of Relativity is incorrect. I will also present some ideas to explain these mechanisms.

  Recent Publication

1.Deyssenroth H, J Phys Math 2016, 7:1 Alternative Interpretation of the Lorentz-transformation  http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2090-0902.1000149

 

Biography:

K S Al Mugren is an internationally well-known Scientist in the area of Nuclear Science & Radiation. She has worked and contributed in various projects related to Nuclear, Materials Science and Radiation in Environments. She has extensively used nuclear spectroscopy, ion beam analysis, ion implantation, fast neutron activation analysis, cyclotrons and their applications, production of radioisotopes for medical applications, cross section measurements for charge particles nuclear reactions. She is also interested in the work of the following studies and research projects like analysis of various samples using methods of neutron activation and X-rays fluorescence, measuring radon concentrations for various environmental samples using alpha Guard, rad 7, E. Perm and Cr-39. She has contributed in the areas such as estimating the concentrations of radium in different water samples, measuring the natural radioactivity of the various environmental samples using gamma ray spectrometer, radiation shielding, radiation detection and radiation effects on materials. She has recently developed single crystal diamond detectors aimed at their application in X-ray and medical dosimeters. She has more than 30 publications (in Journals, Book chapters, Conference proceedings, etc.) and presented more than 20 technical lectures in various scientific forums (International & National).

Abstract:

We study elemental concentrations in some archaeological samples, linked to interest in essential element homeostasis and uptake of potentially harmful elements; the study of elemental concentrations in ancient skeletal remains can potentially be linked with modern studies, providing a reference to high exposure levels no longer common today. The samples, were obtained from historical area which discovered in east of Saudi Arabia at 1977 G, Called Al-RAKKAH and eight archaeological artefacts fired clay were recovered. Using a measurement arrangement consisting of a low-energy mini-X-ray generator and a Si-PIN detector, results are obtained from periosteal concentrations, the influence of the post-mortem environment being clearly differentiated from in vivo uptake. Also, by using an HPGe detector gamma-ray spectrometer, the activity concentrations of 226Ra 232Th and 40K were found in surface soil samples ranged from 17.4±1.2 Bq/kg to 28.3±2.3 Bq/kg with an average value of 23±1.6 Bq/kg, ranging from 1.1±1.8 Bq/kg to 81.0±1.7 Bq/kg with the average value 20±1.4 Bq/kg and from 218±11 Bq/kg to 255±18 Bq/kg, with the mean value of 233±12 Bq/kg respectively. The mean radium equivalent (Raeq) and outdoor radiation hazard index (Hex) for the area under study were determined as 69.52 Bq/kg and 0.16 respectively. The total absorbed dose rate due to three primordial radionuclides lies in the range of 17.74-72.24 nGy·h−1 with a mean of 32.69 nGy·h−1, which yields total annual effective dose of 0.37 mSv·y−1 Thermo Scientific Quant’X EDXRF spectrometer were used also to determine the concentrations of the elements Si, Al, Fe, Ti, Ca, Na, S, Pb, Sn, As and Zn. as major, trace and toxic elements. We hope that the data presented here will be useful to those dealing with Portland cement, phosphate fertilizer chemistry and related fields.

Speaker
Biography:

Vladislav Cherepennikov is a honorary Academician of the International Academy of Quality and Marketing. Member of the Public Assembly of the Ulyanovsk region and the Public Coordination Council of the city of Ulyanovsk. He is the Chairman of the Ulyanovsk regional branch of the People's Patriotic Union of Russia. He was awarded: the Order "For the revival of Russia. XXI Century ", a diploma" Leader of the present "International Competition" Pilar "; medal and diploma "The Best People of Russia"; a diploma and a gold medal "European quality"; " Medal of Merit". He is the head of LLC "Newtonian Society" for almost a - entrepreneur, scientist and public figure. He was born on July 23, 1945 in Ulan-Ude. From 1964 to 1970 he studied at the Kharkov Aviation Institute. After receiving a university degree, he worked in a branch of the Research Institute of Aviation Technology (JARI) in Kharkov engineer. In 1985, he was appointed head of tool maintenance machine tool plant in Ulyanovsk city, in 1993, became the director of a small business "Ether", and in 1996 founded and headed the company "Newton's society." In 2005, on the proposal of the Board of Ulyanovsk businessmen, editors of the encyclopedia "The Best People of Russia" and the Public Advisory Council for the great contribution to the society consolidation of forces in the development and prosperity of the great Russia was awarded the diploma and the medal "The Best People of Russia". According to the results of work in 2005 Vladislav Cherepennikov was included in the encyclopedia "The Best People of Russia".

Abstract:

Application, in the research spent by the author, of laws of classical mechanics to mechanical models of interactions of spherical sources and the drains radiating and absorbing streams of material particles of an ether, in full conformity with views of classics of natural sciences Faraday and Maxwell have allowed for the first time on a mechanical basis:

To receive more generally the equations practically all known physical interactions in the analytical integrated form and to prove, thereby, mechanical essence of the physical phenomena;

To explain: cyclic evolutionary sequence of development of objects of material systems; the reasons of an inclination of axes of rotation of planets and the Sun to a plane ecliptic and discrepancies of axes of rotation with magnetic axes; the pear-shaped form of planets and the Sun; the mechanical nature levitation John Searle’s disks and other similar researches; the reasons of a paradoxically of modern electrodynamics; negative results of experiences Michelson - Morley application Newton's the corpuscular theory; effect of "increase in relativistic weight», as result of incorrectly interpreted experiment and so on.

The method essence consists in definition of distribution of speeds and accelerations of streams of particles of an ether by means of superposition of fields of speeds and accelerations on surfaces of co-operating spherical sources and drains. Applying Newton's second law (the differential law of mechanical movement) and Newton's third law (equalities of action and counteraction) to streams of particles of an ether and, integrating as a whole on a surface of a spherical source or a drain in the set direction, we receive the equations of sizes of the forces operating between co-operating spherical objects.

Biography:

Ioan Has completed his licence at Technical University of Constructions from Bucharest in 1965, where the Physics Course was delivered by Prof. Nicolae Barbulescu. He obtained PhD degree in Geotechnical & Foundation field, from TUCB, in 1979. He followed a Doctoral Seminar in 1975 at International Mechanics Centre from Udine, Italy. He functioned as Professor at Technical Disciplines Chair from Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, between 1995 and 2008 when retired but now works as expert in constructions. He published over 110 papers (40 in physics) in reputed journals and participated in about 20 conferences (12 in Physics).   
 

Abstract:

In papers, one demonstrates that the electrical dipole force FD between two electrical dipoles may exist at any distance r, by reciprocal orientation. But considering actual force FC, given by Coulomb law, such dipole force FD depends on a term in 1/r4, being negligible compared to the gravitational force FN, which in Newton’s law depends on 1/r2. To obtain the principal term in 1/r2, for dipole interaction FD, it was necessary and sufficiently to admit a hypothesis which considers a new Coulomb law force FCC, as a series of terms of powers of r, including a new term, –ln r. With this force FCC, for dipole interaction new force FDC, an expression having the principal term in 1/r2 results, as in Newton’s law. In order to verify the above hypothesis, numerical checking for the new dipole force FDC was performed, utilizing actual electric permeability, the constant ε0 corrected. These calculations made for an astronomical distance (109m), showed a good agreement (relative ratio R=FN/FDC ≈ 0.626) between the force FN and the dipole force FDC obtained with the corrected Coulomb law. On the basis of this gravity theory, some important consequences result, such as the inexistence of the gravitational waves, of the black holes, of the space gravitational curvature, and of the big-bang. This gravity theory with more than 4 terms of series, yield the four known forces of nature, unifying them. The new gravity theory is possible only in quantum environment admitting the presence of an ether.

  • Particle and Nuclear Physics | Atomic, Molecular and Optic Physics | Condensed Matter Physics
Location: Consulate
Speaker

Chair

Eliade Stefanescu

Advanced Studies in Physics Centre of the Romanian Academy, Romania

Speaker

Co-Chair

Eliza Wajch

Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland

Session Introduction

Sergey Kravchenko

Northeastern University, USA

Title: Strongly-correlated electrons in two dimensions
Speaker
Biography:

Sergey Kravchenko has competed his graduation from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1982 and got his PhD from Institute of Solid State Physics in Chernogolovka, Russia, in 1998. He is mostly famous for his discovery of the metallic state and metal-insulator transition in two dimensions which was listed among the 50 main discoveries in Mesoscopic Physics of the last century in American Physical Society in 1999 (“A Century of Mesoscopic Physics: 1899 - 1999”). At present, he is a Professor of Physics at Northeastern University, Boston, USA.

Abstract:

The spin susceptibility of strongly correlated electrons in a low-disorder two-dimensional electron system exhibits a sharp increase tending to a divergence at a finite electron density. Surprisingly, this behavior is due to the divergence of the effective mass rather than that of the g-factor. Our results provide clear evidence for an interaction-induced phase transition to a new phase that may be a precursor phase or a direct transition to the long sought-after Wigner solid.

Speaker
Biography:

Vasily Yu Belashov has completed his PhD in Radiophysics and  Doctor of Science in Physics and Mathematics. His main fields includes: theory and numerical simulation of the dynamics of multi-dimensional nonlinear waves, solitons and vortex structures in plasmas and other dispersive media. Presently, he is Professor in the Kazan Federal University. He was Coordinator of studies on the International Program Solar Terminator (1987-1992), and took part in Programs WITS/WAGS and STEP. He is author of 288 publications and books: “Solitary Waves in Dispersive Complex Media: Theory, Simulation, Applications”, Springer-Verlag GmbH, 2005; “The KP Equation and its Generalizations. Theory and Applications”, Magadan, NEISRI FEB RAS, 1997.

Abstract:

We study the problem of dynamics of the 2D and 3D solitary waves in complex media with the varying time and space dispersive parameters . For example, stu­dying of the evolution of the 3D FMS waves in ma­g­­netized plasma, which is described by the KP equation where when b is a function of the Alf­vén velocity vА=f[B(t,r),n(t,r)] (n is the plas­ma den­­sity) and the angle q: . Similar situation has place for the ion-acoustic (IA) waves in collisional dusty plasma when in the absence of dissipation and dust-charge variation the dispersion law are  where   is the IA speed in dissipationless plasma with constant-charge dust. It is clear that the dispersion will be variable with variation in time and space of ratio of plasma components (for exam­ple, in case of heterogeneous distribution of dust in space). In this case the corresponding equations are similar to that for IA surface waves. We present here the results of numerical simulation of the solitary waves in the KP model distracting from a specific type of medium for different model functions b which are: sharp "break" of ; 2) gradual change of "height" ; and "oscillations" of . As a result we have obtained the different types of stable and unstable solutions including the solutions of the mixed soliton - non-soliton type for different characters of dispersion variations.

Biography:

Roger J Anderton is a semi-retired Telecommunications Engineer with an Honours degree in Math/Physics, who went on to study physics in greater detail, and found that a great deal has been removed from the standard physics education which he was taught. He is now through social network in contact with others pursuing this line of research.

Abstract:

A significant part of the history of physics is the history of atomism: the idea that physical reality is made from particles. After the events of Galileo in the Copernican Revolution the idea of atomism had to be reconsidered, and with Newton came the idea of atomism as point-particles. This was the idea that was developed by Boscovich in his unified theory published in 1758. This became the basis of modern atomic physics and Einstein’s unified field theory investigations. This was taught to physics students up to early 20th Century, and unfortunately after World War 1 and 2 the physics curriculum was revised by having Boscovich (and related material) trimmed from what was taught to make room for such new subjects as Quantum mechanics and Einstein’s relativity. This in my view meant that most physicists have been given a bad understanding of the basics of physics resulting in them making numerous miscomprehensions. There is now a tradition of scientists working on Unified field theory (with its origins with Boscovich) that lies mostly outside of mainstream tradition.

Speaker
Biography:

Keyhandokht Karimi Shahri has completed her PhD in Nuclear Physics from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2014. She is Assistant Professor of Birjand University. She has published 10 papers. Her interests are Dosimetry Calculations, Radiation Protection Dosimetry and Radiation Dosimetry and Anatomical Modeling for Various Applications in Health Physics.

Abstract:

The aim of this study is discussing about how to establish the electron equilibrium (EE) in simulation of Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD) by Monte Carlo code. LiF TLD was modeled in MCNP code and the photon energy of 1 MeV was considered. Due to the small volume of TLDs (~ 3×3×0.89 mm3), simulations are extremely time-consuming and that is a problem in Monte Carlo simulation. One way to reduce the run-time is to establish the EE, therefore one can use kerma approximation instead of the absorbed dose calculation in the MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code) code. For this purpose, LiF TLD was surrounded by the different wrapping materials (Aluminium and Teflon), therefore LiF TLD was surrounded by AL and Teflon. The thickness (and volume) of these wrappings were obtained 0.329 cm (0.082 cm3) and 0.339 cm (0.217 cm3) for Aluminium and Teflon, respectively. However, finding suitable thickness for different materials at each energy is a time consuming process in this way. The second way to establish the EE is placing a huge volume in the front of TLD. For this purpose one LiF TLD was placed on the chest and the other TLD on the back of the phantom (the anatomical models of the human body). Results show that when phantom was irradiated from the front the EE is established for back TLD and vice versa. In this way, the establishing of the EE is dependent on the position of TLD. The third way is enlarging the TLD volume and replacing LiF by air as TLD material. Results indicate that by increasing the volume from 10-3 till 105 cm3, the absorbed dose remains constant in air TLD ,but it decreases in LiF TLD; whereas for very small volume the results of two TLDs are consistent with each other. In this way, the EE is established without any restriction.

Speaker
Biography:

Israel Felner has completed his PhD at the Hebrew University (HU) of Jerusalem, Israel and his Postdoctoral studies at UCSD, San-Diego, California, USA. Since 1973 till date, he has been working at the Racah Institute of Physics at the HU. He became a Full Professor in 1995 and served as the Chairman of Physics Studies during 2003-2006. His main interest topics are: magnetism and Mossbauer studies, magnetic, structural properties and mixed valencies of rare-earth based intermetallics, high Tc superconductivity and magneto-superconducting materials, search for new high Tc superconductors.

Abstract:

Thermal irreversibility in DC magnetic measurements under magnetic field (H) is readily observed in ferromagnetic (FM) or antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials, in spin-glasses and in superconducting systems. In all standard cases the zero-field-cooled curves (ZFC) lie below field-cooled (FC) branches (FC>ZFC) up to a typical characteristic temperature corresponding to the various physical states. An unusual magnetic behavior where the FC branches cross the ZFC curves (ZFC>FC) has been recently observed in three unrelated systems: (i) Inhomogeneous commercial and fabricated amorphous carbon powders synthesized with sulfur (a-CS) which exhibit pronounced peaks in their virgin ZFC curves at TP ~50-80 K. Around these peaks the FC curves cross the ZFC plots thus at a certain temperature range ZFC>FC. This complex behavior is irreproducible and disappears in the second ZFC run. (ii) In a chiral-based magnetic memory device where the main components are: α-helix L-polyalanine adsorbed on gold, Al2O3 and Co or Ni layers. The peculiar ZFC>FC behavior is observed in the hard direction only. (iii) In a pathological liver tissues taken from a patient with hematological malignancies. This peculiar phenomenon cannot be ascribed to extra magnetic phases (oxygen or magnetite), and is believed to be an intrinsic property of the three unrelated systems. We may assume that in the ground state the intrinsic magnetic moments in each system are randomly distributed. In the first ZFC runs, low H, allign these moments to flip along its direction in a FM manner up to TP. Above TP, an antiparallel exchange (AFM) coupling is more favored and in the next ZFC and FC processes the net magnetic moments are lower and crosse the ZFC branchs. Alternatively, we may speculate that all systems are in the so called two-state system separated by a certain energy barrier.