Scientific Program

Conference Series LLC Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 4th International Conference on Physics Berlin, Germany

Venue: Golden Tulip Berlin – Hotel Hamburg.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

D N Poenaru

Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Romania

Keynote: Main decay modes of super heavy nuclei

Time : 09:30-10:00

Physics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker D N Poenaru photo
Biography:

D N Poenaru Presently Honorary Member of the Romanian Academy. Retired in 2009 from Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFINHH),
Magurele near Bucharest. Two PhD: in Nuclear Electronics (1968) and in Theoretical Physics (1981), from Polytechnical Institute of Bucharest, and Central Institute
of Physics, Magurele, respectively. From 1996 until 2000 Scientific Director of IFIN-HH. Former Project Coordinator (2000-2003) of the European Commission,Centre of
Excellence IDRANAP (InterDisciplinary Research and Application based on Nuclear and Atomic Physics), selected in 2000 among the 34 succesful proposals out of 185
applications from 11 countries. Co-author of the paper in which heavy-ion radioactivities were predicted. Mentioned in THE NEW ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA.http://
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/465998/D-N-Poenaru. Total Number of Various Publications: 208 articles in refereed Journals; 209 publications abroad; 63 pub. in
foreign languages printed in Romania; 57 publications in Romanian; 23 articles of popularization; 29 preprints and e-prints; 65 invited talks at International Conferences;
11 chapters in books edited by others; 17 chapters in books edited by himself. 12 books: 5 in Romania; 7 abroad (U. S. A., Germany, England, The Netherlands and
Singapore). Citations by others: over 3860 in October 2017. Hirsch index 32. G-index 59, i10=55.

Abstract:

Several laboratories in the world, like GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; JINR Dubna,
Russia; Nat. Livermore Lab., USA and RIKEN Japan are trying to produce super heavy (SH) nuclei with atomic numbers Z>118,
using cold fusion reactions (with just one neutron-evaporation or hot fusion (with 3-4 evaporation neutrons) and 48Ca projectile
beam. Until now the main decay modes of SHs, allowing identifying the new element were alpha decay (AD) and spontaneous fission
(SF), with a clear advantage of using AD chains, leading to a well-known final nucleus. We would like to point out that in some cases
with large atomic number Z (usually Z>120) cluster radioactivity (CR) may compete as well, opening a new opportunity in this
field. In order to illustrate this new finding, we shall present the results of our calculations for the following nuclides: 297,299,300119
and 299,300,301,302120. We are using mainly the following models: ASAF (analytical super-asymmetric fission); UNIV (Universal
formula), and SEMFIS (semi-empirical formula based on fission theory) to study AD. ASAF and UNIV are useful for CR. A dynamical
model based on cranking inertia tensor allows us to calculate SH half-lives. Strutinsky's macroscopic-microscopic method with
Yukawa-plus-exponential (Y+EM) liquid drop and the best two-center shell model are necessary to calculate the total deformation
energy. For pairing we have to solve the BCS system of two equations. For 38Sr CR of 300,302120 we predict a branching ratio
relative to AD of -0.10 and 0.49, respectively, meaning that it is worth trying to detect such kind of decay modes in competition
with AD. Whenever possible we calculate the Q-values by using the latest experimental evaluation of the masses. Otherwise the W4
atomic mass model is our choice.

Keynote Forum

J P Draayer

Louisiana State University, USA

Keynote: Intersection of science & technology at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Time : 10:00-10:30

Physics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker J P Draayer photo
Biography:

J P Draayer is currently president of SURA and Roy P.Daniels Professor of Physics at Louisiana State University, USA. Dr. Draayer received a Ph.D. in Physics and
Mathematics (1968) and a B.S. in Physics and Electrical Engineering (1964), both from Iowa State University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science. In his 30+ years as a faculty member in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Louisiana State University,
Dr. Draayer has served as chair of his Department, Vice-president of the Faculty Senate, and Chair of the Council for the College of Basic Sciences. He also holds a joint
appointment as a professor in the Department of Computer Science. He has sponsored 17 long-term/sabbatical visitors, 13 postdoctoral associates, 17 Ph.D. candidates,
plus a complement of M.S. students.

Abstract:

Exploiting symmetries to unveil simplicity within complexity remains the holy grail of nuclear physics. Frequently referenced
as ‘from quarks to the cosmos’ studies, this topic is laced with technical innovations that have proven to spawn big benefits
for mankind. The author plans to briefly discuss the scientific agenda of Jefferson Lab, along with its exemplar technologies that
highlight current and future innovation – from faster and more energy efficient computer chips to the early detection of cancer – all
driven forward by scientific discovery at this the newest of the DOE’s labs, a lab that was purposed to explore and expose the very
nature of the strong and weak interactions, which dominate physical matter at the extremes of the universe. The author will also
comment on the rapidly changing nature of science, as it plays a growing role in shaping our future – things that used to be framed
as science for the sake of science, now emerging as the underpinning of significant technologies that can directly impact the world
order. From very sophisticated hockey-puck-sized communications satellites to quantum computing, it seems we are knocking on
the door a different brave new world. Nevertheless, exposing simplicity within complexity and exploiting it remains key!

Keynote Forum

Gottfried Münzenberg

GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Germany

Keynote: Exploring the limits: From halo nuclei to super heavy elements - basic research and new medical applications

Time : 11:00-11:30

Physics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Gottfried Münzenberg photo
Biography:

Gottfried Münzenberg completed his PhD at Giessen University. He was the Leader of the GSI Department: Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Chemistry and University Professor at Mainz University. Among his awards are the Röngten Preis of Giessen University, the Otto Hahn Preis der Stadt Frankfurt, and the Lise Meitner Prize of EPS. He was awarded Hononrary Doctor of JINR Dubna and University of Jyväskylä.

Abstract:

Exploring the limits of the existence of elementary matter is a primary goal of nuclear physics. New species such as halo nuclei
and super heavy elements have been discovered. Experimental methods have been further developed for medical applications
including cancer therapy with heavy ion beams and time-of-flight mass spectrometry for medical diagnostics. This work has been
largely carried out at the GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforscheung. Light neutron rich nuclei at the limits of nuclear
binding develop neutron halos. The nuclear core is surrounded by a halo of dilute neutron matter, heavier species develop a neutron
skin. Reaction studies give new insights in nuclear structure. The key instrument for these experiments is the GSI projectile fragment
separator (FRS). With the FRS basic research for cancer therapy with heavy ion beams such as the choice of the therapy beam
and a special PET diagnostics have been made. Super heavy elements (SHE) at the upper end of the periodic table exist only by
shell stabilization. At GSI the new species of deformed shell stabilized SHE has been discovered. The spherical super heavy nucleipredicted for Z=114 are still waiting for discovery though this proton number has already been surpassed with heaviest element
observed, oganesson, with 118 protons. To reach this goal the new generation of SHE factories is under way. Drawbacks of the
existing experiments are the insufficient sensitivity and the identification by decay characteristics. The new SHE factories will
provide more beam intensity for higher sensitivity and direct A, Z identification by isobaric mass measurement with high-resolving
multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometers (MRTOF-MS). These spectrometers have a resolving power of 600,000 and are
also suitable for the analysis of macro molecules or even cell fragments. Such spectrometers are developed at Giessen University.
Experiments for the identification of exotic nuclei created in transfer reactions are under way.

Keynote Forum

Gui Lu Long

Tsinghua University, China

Keynote: The realistic interpretation of quantum mechanics

Time : 11:30-12:00

Physics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Gui Lu Long photo
Biography:

Gui Lu Long is a Professor at Tsinghua University, fellow of IoP (UK) and fellow of APS (US). He is the current President of Associations of Asian Pacific Physical Societies and was Vice-Chair of C13 of IUPAP during 2015–2017. He received his BSc from Shandong University in 1982 and PhD from Tsinghua University in 1987 respectively. He has been working in Tsinghua since 1987. During 1989-1993 he was a Research Fellow in the University of Sussex in UK. He published more 300 refereed papers and has more than 14000 citations in Google-Scholar.

Abstract:

The interpretation of the wave function in quantum mechanics has been a subject for debate ever since quantum mechanics was
established. There are many interpretations of quantum mechanics and the dominant one is the Copenhagen interpretation where the wave function is a mere mathematical description. After many years of research in quantum information and teaching of quantum mechanics, the author gradually formulated his own interpretation, a realistic interpretation (REIN) of quantum mechanics. In this keynote talk, the author will present in details the main points of the REIN. In particular, an explanation of the measurement is given. An encounter delayed choice experiment is described. In many aspects, REIN is more natural than other interpretation. Comparisons with other interpretations will also be discussed.

Keynote Forum

Mioara Mugur Schachter

University of Reims, France

Keynote: Principles of a second quantum mechanics constructed bottom-up

Time : 12:00-13:00

Physics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Mioara Mugur Schachter photo
Biography:

Mioara Mugur Schachter was born in Romania, she arrived in France in 1962 from Bucharest. Her PhD thesis - of which the whole content had been elaborated before
hand in Bucharest and sent to Louis de Broglie - contains the first and very elaborated invalidation of von Neumann's famous proof asserting the impossibility of hidden
parameters compatible with the quantum mechanical formalism. This work was published in a volume prefaced by Louis de Broglie and published in the collection Les
grands problèmes des sciences, Gauthiers Villars, Paris, 1964.Since that time, a professor of theoretical physics in France and currently president of CESEF.

Abstract:

This is not an interpretation of the Hilbert-Dirac quantum mechanics QMHD. It exposes the principles of a new representation of
microstates called a second quantum mechanics and denoted QM2. This representation is rooted directly into the a-conceptual
physical reality wherefrom it has been constructed bottom-up, conceptually and formally and in uninterrupted relation with
factuality. First a qualitative but formalized representation of the general characteristics of any physical theory of the microstates is
developed quite independently of the quantum mechanical formalism and outside it, under exclusively the [operational-conceptualmethodological]
constraints entailed by the requirement of a consensual, predictive, and verifiable description of entities that –
radically – cannot be perceived directly by human conceptors-observers. This representation is called infra-(quantum mechanics)
and is denoted IQM. The specific purpose of IQM is to offer a reference-and-imbedding-structure for the construction of any
acceptable theory of the microstates: Only a pre-structure of this sort could permit to overcome the thick inertial ties that immobilize
the minds inside an out-dated theory that still subsists only by idolization. Indeed IQM overcomes the idolization by constructing
comparability with QMHD, which endows with criteria for estimating from various and definite points of view the significance
and the adequacy of each one among the main classes of mathematical representational elements from its formalism. IQM can
be regarded as a first realization from a whole group of structures of a new kind, constructed inside the framework of the general
Method of Relativized Conceptualization MRC and conceived in order to act as infra-(representational structures) for guiding the
construction of a theory on any given domain of physical entities. By systematic reference to IQM – is worked out a preliminary
critical examination of QMHD. It thus appears that: (a) QMHD is devoid of any general formal representation of the physical,
individual entities and operations that it quite essentially does involve: the whole level of individual conceptualization of the
microstates is lacking, massively. Inside QMHD are clearly defined exclusively abstract statistics of results of measurements on
only ghostly sketched out physical entities and physical operations on these; and even these definitions themselves are found to be
incomplete, or cryptic, or even inadequate. (b) The mathematical formalism from QMHD does involve – and in a quite fundamental
role – a definite model of a specimen of a microstate, namely de Broglie's wave-model with a corpuscular-like singularity in its
amplitude. But both this fact and its meaning remain implicit. So their consequences are not systematically recognized and made use
of. This entails a catastrophic hole in the process of representation, namely absence of explicit coding rules of the observable effects
of an act of quantum-measurements, in terms of a definite value of the measured quantity. From (a) and (b) it follows that QMHD
is simply devoid of an acceptable representation of the quantum measurements: Such, in fact, is the idolized nowadays Hilbert-
Dirac Quantum-Mechanics. The mentioned lacunae are then compensated via a radically constructive bottom-up approach that
starts from local zeros of knowledge on the individual physical entities that are involved. First a new representation of the quantum
measurements is elaborated for any un-bound microstate, whether devoid of a quantum-potential, or containing such a potential
(while the category of bound states does not raise questions of principle from the point of view of IQM). The elaboration of this
representation involves incorporation of a second central feature from Louis de Broglie's approach, beside his model, namely the
guiding-rule that defines the momentum observable of the corpuscular-like singularity from the wave of a specimen of the studied
microstate. The mathematical representation of predictive probability-measures on results of outcomes of quantum measurements
are then constructed factually – via measurements – just as one is obliged to do for verifying the asserted predictions. Thereby this
representation emerges independent of the Schrödinger equation of the problem. So the use of this equation – if it can be written and solved – is quite generally duplicated by a factual-formal procedure for establishing the predictions. This permits control of
the output of the equation when gross idealizations or/and approximations are involved. And when the equation cannot be solved
or even cannot be defined, this offers the possibility of a total factual replacement of its theoretical output. (Such a situation is first
surprising inside a fundamental theory of mathematical physics; but finally it appears as quite consonant with the new possibilities
generated by the progresses realized in informatics and in nanotechnology). Finally, around the core constituted by the mentioned
new representation of the quantum measurements, is structured a very synthetic global outline of the Second Quantum Mechanics,
QM2. This emerges as a fully intelligible, consensual, predictive and verifiable representation of microstates where the operational
generation of conceptual-experimental data on factually generated microstates are expressed in formalized qualitative terms while
the asserted verifiable predictions are expressed in terms of Hilbert-vectors.